Worldwide, around 50 million people have dementia, with nearly 60% living in low- and middle-income countries. Every year, there are nearly 10 million new cases.
The total number of people with dementia is projected to reach 82 million in 2030 and 152 in 2050.
This horrible brain disease is overwhelming not only for the people who have it but also for their caregivers and families. There is a lack of awareness and understanding of dementia, and this is affecting carers, families, psychologically and economically.
The total number of new cases of dementia each year worldwide is nearly 9.9 million,implying 1 new case every 3 seconds. The number of people with dementia is expected to increase to 82 million in 2030 and 152 million in 2050. Early diagnosis improves the quality of life of people with dementia and their families.
A better understanding of dementia is important to improve the standard of life for people who suffer from this horrible disease.
Music therapy uses music and sound to help express emotions and improve emotional and physical well being. It’s commonly used as a therapy for people living with dementia to help with agitated behavior and improve communication. In the absence of a Music Therapist, you can still successfully use music activities into your activity programs. Regular music sessions with familiar music is a wonderful way to positively influence mood and behavior.
Research has revealed that music triggers some networks of the brain that benefit people who have difficulty with language, cognition, or motor control.
Music lights up the entire brain. It also can give people with dementia a break from confusion and fear. Some people can no longer remember their loved ones, but they still know all the words to their favorite songs.
May even in provide relief from pain and help people recover lost memories.
Everyone can benefit from music activities!
Regardless of genre, listening to music of your preference releases endorphins in the brain and may reduce anxiety, relieve depression and boost the immune system among other benefits.
Music sessions should be designed to comfort, entertain and positively influence the lives of residents in long term care. It is important to establish objectives for Individual Music sessions to provide you with direction and assist in establishing whether the session is working.
Here are a few ideas for objectives:
Reality orientation has its roots in a technique used with disabled veterans to help them engage,
and connect with their surroundings.
It’s a progressive treatment for confused elderly patients to help them focus on their immediate surroundings. It attempts to help elderly people reorient themselves by presenting orientating information, such as time, place, and person. Reality orientation, when used appropriately and with compassion, can also benefit those living with Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias.
Multiple studies have demonstrated that the use of reality orientation has improved cognitive functioning for people living with dementia when compared to control groups who did not receive it. Reality orientation also has been shown to improve cognition when accompanied by medication.
According to the British Journal of Psychiatry, showed an improvement in cognitive functioning. One study found that the use of reality orientation may delay nursing home placement by slowing cognitive decline. Furthermore, after reviewing six different trials, a study in the Cochrane Library concluded that there may be some benefit in the challenging behavior of some people with dementia.
Sensory stimulation is the activation of one or more of the senses such as taste, smell, vision, hearing, and touch. Sensory stimulation enables us to engage with the environment and communicate in multiple and complex ways.
Used in Europe since the 1960s, this therapy was originally designed to help people with learning disabilities.
As Alzheimer’s progresses, a senior’s ability to communicate and perform everyday activities declines.
This can improve their:
By drawing attention to an item, sensory stimulation
encourages reminiscences and responses from seniors affected by Alzheimer’s:
For instance, art or photos can trigger emotions and memories for seniors who no longer speak.
A senior who has not expressed a word in months might suddenly smile or want to pick up a pencil and draw.
That art form eventually can become a means for the senior to communicate, either through personal works of art
or simply by sharing the experience.
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